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1 edition of Factors contributing to the declining trend in sex-differentials in mortality in India found in the catalog.

Factors contributing to the declining trend in sex-differentials in mortality in India

Jayaraj, D. Prof

Factors contributing to the declining trend in sex-differentials in mortality in India

an exploratory analysis

by Jayaraj, D. Prof

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Published by Madras Institute of Development Studies in Chennai .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Sex distribution (Demography),
  • Sex differences,
  • Mortality

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. 29-31).

    Statementby D. Jayaraj
    SeriesThemes in social sector research: the S.Guhan memorial series, Discussion paper -- 10
    ContributionsMadras Institute of Development Studies
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHB1323.S52 I453 2007
    The Physical Object
    Pagination31 p. ;
    Number of Pages31
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL25176259M
    LC Control Number2010317073

    Some scholars contend that low child sex ratios indicate that there is a higher risk of mortality among young girls in the age group of 0–4 years (Arokiasamy ).The under-5 mortality ratio in India was estimated at female deaths for every male deaths (Jamison et al. ).Also, during the past four decades, the decline in the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) has been greater in boys Author: Nadia Singh.   Although the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) has decreased from per births in to 72 per births (), and the sex differentials are narrowing, again there are wide inter-state differences recorded in This rich volume provides a comprehensive look at how policy leads to better health in Asia. Leading RAND thinkers, working in different disciplines, create an all-encompassing framework for students, scholars, and policymakers, clarifying what is known and still needs to be known about how policy and practice lead to better health outcomes in developing countries. Risk Factors for Violence against Women and Girls at Different Levels of the Social Ecology 13 Actual and Expected Female-to-Male Under-5 Mortality Rate Ratios by World Bank Regions, 29 10 Countries with Biggest Difference in Actual and Expected Under-5 Mortality Rate Ratios

    Economics and Human Biology 1 () – The hidden penalties of gender inequality: fetal origins of ill-health Siddiq Osmania,∗,1, Amartya Senb,2 a University of Ulster, Jordanstown, Newtownabbey, Antrim BT37 0QB, UK b Trinity College, Cambridge, UK Abstract This paper is concerned with the interconnections between gender inequality and maternal de-.


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Factors contributing to the declining trend in sex-differentials in mortality in India by Jayaraj, D. Prof Download PDF EPUB FB2

MORTALITY DIFFERENTIALS, BY SEXSex differences in mortality have Factors contributing to the declining trend in sex-differentials in mortality in India book in different countries, historical periods, and age groups (see Figure 1). During the last quarter of the twentieth century, males had higher mortality than females at all ages in all developed countries and in most less developed countries.

However, higher mortality for females was relatively common among young children. 2) To identify the factors explaining the sex differentials in child mortality and quantify their relative contributions.

We have used Factors contributing to the declining trend in sex-differentials in mortality in India book rounds of National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data.

This study has twofold objectives: (1) to investigate the progress in sex differentials in child mortality in India in terms of within and between group changes and (2) to identify the factors explaining the sex differentials in child mortality and quantify their relative contributions.

We have used three rounds of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data, to Cited by: 7. The ratio (RMR) is the standard measure of sex differentials in mortality. It is commonly known that the RMR was historically small and increased throughout the 20th century.

However, numerical properties might account for the trend in the RMR rather than sex differences in risk factors.

In this study we examine the age pattern of. factors leading to gender differentials in child mortality in India and progress made over time. Factors contributing to the declining trend in sex-differentials in mortality in India book Data source The three rounds of NFHS () data have been used to assess the trends in child mortality.

The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is an equivalent of worldwide. Examination of the determinants of sex differentials in childhood mortality is more limited in scope, with a focus on China and India, where the female disadvantage in under-five mortality is File Size: 3MB.

Sex differentials in Indian mortality: recent changes and implications for sex ratio. Anilkumar K, Rema S. "In this paper, the recent changes in sex differentials in India's mortality are studied first to ascertain the relative improvements and secondly to study the impact of Author: Anilkumar K, Rema S.

Madras Institute of Development Studies Factors Contributing to the Declining Trend in Sex-Differentials in Mortality in India. Article. sex differentials in life expectancy at birth are widening over the period in India, with significant differentials by age as well (Canudas-Romo, Saikia, and Diamond-Smith, ).

With significant mortality decline in the past four decades, there is a need for a comprehensiveAuthor: Akansha Singh, Laishram Ladusingh. BOOK REVIEWS India: The Emerging Giant: A Gripping Account, But without Literature - Partha Sen Patriarchy: Patriarchy VinayBahl.

PERSPECTIVES Teaching Economics in Schools-SukanyaBose, Arvind Sardana SPECIAL ARTICLES Factors Contributing to the Declining Trend in Sex-Differentials in Mortality in India - DJayaraj. Research on mortality in India has almost exclusively focused on the determinants of infant and child mortality – 14 Given India’s high infant and child mortality rates—67 and 93 perrespectively—this emphasis is legitimate and understandable Furthermore, given that girls have a higher mortality than boys, inequalities in Cited by: Sex Mortality Differentials in the United States: The Role of Cohort Smoking Patterns Samuel H.

Preston and Haidong Wang Abstract This paper demonstrates that, over the periodsex differentials in mortality in the age range to 85+ widened and then narrowed on. female and male child mortality has shown an increasing trend after the year Such sex differentials in child mortality are considered as one of the contributing factors to the secular decline in child ( years) sex ratio (female per male).

Bhat () in his paper cited some recent articles. Mortality fell very substantially between and However, throughout most of this period the same basic pattern of sex differentials persisted; indeed, between and the relative position of women worsened in a number of age by: 9. Sex differentials in mortality: trends, determinants and consequences: selection of the papers presented at the ANU/UN/WHO meeting held in Canberra (Australia), December / editors: Alan D.

Lopez, Lado T. Ruzicka Dept. of Demography, Australian National University: distributed by ANU Press Canberra Australian/Harvard Citation.

This is an appeal to the subscribers, contributors, advertisers and well-wishers of Economic and Political Weekly (EPW), published by Sameeksha Trust, a public charitable trust registered with the office of the Charity Commissioner, Mumbai, India.

EPW has completed 50 years of publication. Details here.-A A + A. Relating Information on causes of deaths to implementation of health interventions provides vital information for program planning and evaluation. This paper from Ballabgarh Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) site in north India looks at temporal trends and gender differentials in the causes of death among under-five children.

Data on causes of death forCited by:   This paper advances the hypothesis that the future of sex mortality differentials in industrialized countries may depend on the future mortality rates of blue collar men. Data are presented to support the argument that mortality rates from ischemic heart disease for this population subgroup play a significant role in current differentials and, furthermore, that sexsocial class-mortality Cited by: Sex differentials in childhood mortality revisited: evidence from sub-Saharan Africa By Sunday A.

Adedini1,2, Joshua O. Akinyemi3 Clifford Odimegwu1, Stephen A. Adebowale3 Abstract There is no consensus in the literature on male-female differentials in childhood mortality. Moreover, most of the relevant studies on this subject are now Size: KB.

Notably, if excess female mortality had completely disappeared byunder-5 mortality in India would have dropped below 40 per livebirths. Without excess female mortality, India would have reached the target of Millennium Development Goal 4 set at 42 deaths per births.

30 Our findings, therefore, have important implications Cited by: The sex ratio in India over the past years has shown an alarming decline. Maharashtra is one of the most progressive states in India in health, literacy, urbanization and socio-culture and economic development.

But there is also declining trend of sex ratio. It File Size: KB. The exceptionally detailed Finnish materials are used to examine age- and sex-specific mortality in different regions during the country's last famine, the Great Famine of the s.

This is compared with another mortality crisis, the –09 War. The results show that in cases when multiple infectious diseases were responsible for elevated mortality, the increases for different age Cited by: Objectives.

We investigated the contributions of gender, caste, and standard of living to inequalities in mortality across the life course in s. We conducted a multilevel cross-sectional analysis of individual mortality, using the – Indian National Family Health Survey data for individuals from 26 by: Neonatal mortality rate increased three-fold during the study period and this was true for both boys and girls (Web Table I).The rate increased by per 1, live births annually during (P.

reason for declining sex ratio and excess female mortality in turn is the result of female infanticide, female foeticide, neglect of females and maternal mortality. Barbara Diane Miller () examined the changes in the regional patterns of juvenile sex ratio in rural India from the.

“mortality”, “district”, and “India” and identified studies published between Jan 1, and in English. Among them, three studies calculated excess female under-5 mortality rates (U5MRs) worldwide and provided national estimates. We found one study with district-level estimates of excess female mortality in India.

This discrimination is a contributing factor to the % excess female child mortality occurring in the states of the northern and north-central regions of India. Sex bias in child mortality follows a regional pattern, clearly illustrated by the sex-specific rank of children in by: - Indicates death rate factors also contribute to sex differences in by: Using data from the Human Mortality Database for 29 high-income national populations ( ), we review trends in the sex differential in e(0).

The widening of this gap during most of the s was due largely to a slower mortality decline for males than females, which previous studies attributed to behavioural factors (e.g., smoking).File Size: KB. DECLINING JUVENILE SEX RATIO IN INDIA: THEORETICAL INVESTIGATIONS Chander SHEKHAR* Faujdar RAM ** It has been widely recognized that sex ratio (number of female per thousand male) is an important indicator to study the various aspects of a population, especially human development.

A review of the situation concerning morbidity and mortality in Japan is presented. Separate consideration is given to the factors contributing to the decline in mortality before and after World War II.

Recent developments in the health care system are described. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR). Bairagi, Radheshyam. Sex Ratio at Birth and Excess Female Child Mortality in India 3 Introduction The declining trend in sex ratio of India’s population during the last one century indicates massive deficit of females.

Sex ratio trends vary considerably across the regions of India consistent with the degree of. NEW YORK: So much attention is focused on the Russian Federation’s plummeting ruble, evaporating investments and looming recession, following its land grab in Crimea and intervention in Ukraine that most are overlooking the perfect storm brewing within Russia’s borders: its demography.

Determinants of declining child sex ratio in rajasthan have recorded an increasing trend in child sex ratio butRajasthan is still showing sharper declining trend in the current provisional census report. It was found that while sex differentials inchildhood mortality were substantial and widely distributed in India at the time of the.

In India % of the population are carriers of the TB bacillus. In India the major opportunistic infection among people with AIDS is T.B., and many argue that there is a dual epidemic When people are infected with both T.B. and HIV, TB is much more likely to become active and infectious.

of under-5 mortality rates (U5MRs) in India provided various estimates by sex at district level. However, the estimated sex ratio of U5MR (used as a proxy for excess female mortality) understates the true extent of excess female mortality, since female U5MR is always substantially lower than is male U5MR, in the absence of by: Sex differentials in life expectancy and mortality in developed countries: an analysis by age groups and causes of death from recent and historical data.

Population Bulletin of the United Nations, No. 25, pp. New York, New York. In Eng. Sex differentials in life expectancy and mortality are examined. Sex Differentials in Biological Risk Factors for Chronic Disease: Estimates from Population-based Surveys Working Paper Noreen Goldman Maxine Weinstein Center for Population and Health, Georgetown University, Washington, D.C.

Jennifer Cornman Polisher Research Institute, Madlyn & Leonard Abramson Center for Jewish Life,Cited by: A book on common adolescent health issues was developed for higher grade school children titled “Dawn of Adolescence” and was distributed to all relevant school children.

Ina directorate for youth was established in the Ministry of Health for promotion of life skills education as an important element to reduce adolescent health.

international migration. Sex differentials in childhood mortality, which contribute to sex ratio imbalances in adulthood, particularly in China, are incorporated in the mortality patterns used.

4 CHRISTOPHE Z. GUILMOTO Downloaded At: 23 May File Size: KB. Sex differentials in neonatal and early neonatal pdf and stillbirths The male-to-female ratio in neonatal mortality and in early neonatal mortality in developing countries is estimated at Stillbirths show a lower ratio ofonly slightly higher than the natural sex ratio at birth (see Section ).This banner text can have markup.

web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation.7 Life Expectancy in Selected Ebook 14 Contrasting Data Availability: The Republic of Congo and Kenya 16 Estimated Levels of Under-Five and Infant Mortality, by Region of Africa, 18 Trends in Under-Five Mortality, by Five-Year Period and Region, 19 Annual Rate of Change in Under-Five Mortality, by Five-Year.